- b the player must start at the time established by the Committee (Rule 6-3a), and although Shona arrived at the 1st tee on time, as she has no clubs, she was not ready to play. In stroke play, if the player arrives at his or her starting point, ready to play, within five minutes after his or her starting time, the penalty for failure to start on time is two strokes at the first hole. Otherwise, the penalty for breach of this Rule is disqualification.
2 c A detached divot is a loose impediment – see Definition of “Loose Impediments” – and may not be removed from the bunker when both the loose impediment and the ball lie in a hazard per Rule 13-4c [Ball in Hazard; Prohibited Actions]. By removing the divot from the bunker, Danny incurred a penalty of two strokes for a breach of Rule 13-4c. See Decision 13-4/14 [Player Moves Loose Impediments When Approaching Ball in Hazard].
- b Per Decision 23-1/6 [Removal of Loose Impediments from Area in Which Ball to Be Dropped], through the green, it is permissible for a player to remove loose impediments from the area in which he is preparing to drop his ball.
- c As the clubhouse is an immovable obstruction, Danny can find the point where his ball last crossed the outermost limits of the clubhouse and drop a ball, without penalty, within one club-length of his nearest point of relief from that point. See Rule 24-3b [Ball in Immovable Obstruction Not Found].
- a A ball is unfit for play if it is visibly cut, cracked or out of shape. If it is determined that the ball has become unfit for play during play of the hole being played, the player may substitute another ball, placing it on the spot where the original ball lay. See Rule 5-3 [Ball Unfit for Play] and Decision 5-3/4 [Ball Breaks into Pieces as a Result of Striking Cart Path].
- a The Definition of “Teeing Ground” states, in part, “A ball is outside the teeing ground when all of it lies outside the teeing ground.” Rule 11-1 [Teeing] points out, “A player may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball within it.”
- b Grass-covered ground within a bunker is not part of the bunker. Accordingly, Shona may drop the ball behind the bunker. See Definition of “Bunker and Decision 28/9 [Ball Lying on Grass-Covered Ground Within Bunker Deemed Unplayable]. Note that Shona is not entitled to take relief without penalty for the embedded ball because her ball did not embed in a closely-mown area. See Rule 25-2 [Embedded Ball].
- c The Note to Rule 20-1 [Lifting and Marking] recommends that the position of the ball be marked by placing a ball-marker, a small coin or other similar object immediately behind the ball. A player may draw a line on his ball to assist with alignment. See Decision 18-2/33 [Rotating Ball on Putting Green Without Marking Position and Decision 20-3a/2 [Using Line on Ball for Alignment].
- c Rule 8-2a [Indicating Line of Play] allows a player to have the line of play indicated to him or her by anyone. However, any mark placed by the player or with his or her knowledge, for the purpose of indicating the line of play, must be removed before the stroke is made.
- c The stroke does not count as Danny did not intend to strike at and move the ball; however, he moved his ball in play and must replace it. See Definition of “Stroke,” Rule 18-2 [Ball at Rest Moved by Player …], and Decision 18-2/20 [Ball in Play Moved Accidentally by Practice Swing].
- c As the removal of the ball-marker is part of the replacement process, the movement of the ball was directly attributable to the act of replacing it and therefore under Rule 20-3a [Placing and Replacing], no penalty is incurred, and the ball must be replaced.
- b The player was in breach of Rule 13-4b when he touched the ground in the bunker with his club before making the stroke. See Definition of “Stroke” and Decision 13-4/31 [Touching Sand in Bunker During Backswing].
- a Stakes used to define the margin of or identify a water hazard are obstructions. An obstruction is a movable obstruction if it may be moved without unreasonable effort, without unduly delaying play and without causing damage to the course. Otherwise, it is an immovable obstruction. See Rule 24-1 [Movable Obstruction] and the Definitions of “Water Hazards” and “Obstructions.”
- b A player is not obliged to search for his or her original ball should he or she wish to continue play with a provisional ball, but if the original ball is neither lost nor out of bounds, he or she may not disregard it. If the original ball is found within the five-minute search period, and before a stroke is made from a point closer to the hole than where the original is likely to be, the player must abandon the provisional ball and continue play with the original ball. See Rule 27-2b [When Provisional Ball Becomes Ball in Play].
- a When Shona put the substituted ball into play at the spot of the previous stroke with the intent to play a ball under penalty of stroke and distance (Rule 27-1), the original ball was lost (see Definition of “Lost Ball”). Therefore, Rule 20-6 [Lifting Ball Incorrectly Substituted, Dropped or Placed] does not apply, and she must continue with the substituted ball. See Decision 27-1/2 [Original Ball Found Within Five-Minute Search Period After Another Ball Dropped].
- c Exception 1 to Rule 13-4 points out that, provided nothing is done which constitutes testing the condition of the hazard or improves the lie of the ball, there is no penalty if a player touches the ground as a result of or to prevent falling.
- c The TV cables are considered to be movable obstructions. Under Rule 24-1 [Movable Obstruction], if the ball does not lie in or on the obstruction, the obstruction may be removed. If the ball moves, it must be replaced, and there is no penalty, provided that the movement of the ball is directly attributable to the removal of the obstruction.
- a There is no penalty if a marker signs the competitor’s score card in the space provided for the competitor’s signature, and the competitor then signs in the space provided for the marker’s signature. See Decision 6-6b/1 [Competitor and Marker Sign Score Card in Wrong Places].