(b) Per Decision 20-6/1 [Ball Placed When Required to Be Dropped or Dropped When Required to Be Placed; Correction of Error], you incur the general penalty, i.e., loss of hole in match play and two strokes in stroke play, if you fail to correct the error of placing your ball when you should have dropped it when proceeding under Rule 24-2 [Immovable Obstruction]. Likewise, you incur the general penalty if you play a wrong ball per Rule 15-3 [Wrong Ball] or play an incorrectly substituted ball per Rule 15-2 [Substituted Ball]. The penalty associated with taking relief from a water hazard is simply one stroke per Rule 26-1 [Relief for Ball in Water Hazard].
(c) Per Rule 13-4 [Ball in Hazard; Prohibited Actions], the penalty for touching water in a water hazard with your club, as well touching a loose impediment in the hazard when your ball is lying in the hazard, is the general penalty. Per Rule 8-1 [Advice], you incur the general penalty if you give advice to anyone in the competition playing on the course other than your partner. However, per Rule 4-1 [Form and Make of Clubs], should you play a stroke with a non-conforming club, you are disqualified.
(d) Per Rule 4-2b [Foreign Material], you are disqualified if you apply foreign material to the face of your club for the purpose of influencing the movement of the ball. Likewise, per Rule 1-3 [Agreement to Waive Rules], if players knowingly agree to exclude the operation of any Rule, they will be disqualified. According to Rule 16-1c [The Putting Green: Repair of Hole Plugs, Ball Marks and Other Damage] and Decision 16-1c/4 [Repair of Spike Mark Damage Around Hole], repairing spike marks which might assist the player in his subsequent play of the hole is prohibited. Per Decision 28/10 [Ball Dropped Outside Bunker Under Option Requiring Drop in Bunker], the player is disqualified for a serious breach of Rule 28 [Ball Unplayable]. The penalty for carrying in excess of 14 clubs is an adjustment to the state of the match in match play (maximum deduction of two holes per round), or two strokes in stroke play for each hole at which any breach occurred (maximum penalty per round of four strokes).
(b) Although each of these penalty situations involves a one-stroke penalty, the” odd one out” is the ball that is out of bounds for which Rule 27-1 [Stroke and Distance; Ball Out of Bounds; Ball Not Found Within Five Minutes] prescribes the penalty of stroke and distance. Rule 5-3 [Ball Unfit for Play] sets forth the required procedure to be followed when you have reason to believe that your ball is unfit for play. Note that Rule 5-3 states, in part, “If the player fails to comply with all or any part of this procedure … he incurs a penalty of one stroke.” When you accidentally move your ball in play with a practice stroke, you incur a one-stroke penalty per Rule 18-2 [Ball at Rest Moved by Player …] and you are required to replace your ball. According to Rule 21 [Cleaning Ball], if you clean your ball during play of a hole when you are not permitted to do so under the Rules, you incur a penalty of one stroke and you are required to replace the ball.